Publications

Litvak E; Getting nurse-patient ratios right; Becker's Hospital Review, November 10, 2014.
Green Vaswani S; Harnessing Healthcare Data for Patient Flow; ZocDoc, November 10, 2014.
Green Vaswani S; Healthcare Optimization Requires Better Data; InformationWeek, October 3, 2014.
Litvak E; Population Health Requires Healthcare Optimization; Population Health News, September 15, 2014.
Litvak E; Smoothing out peaks, valleys in admission would save money; Modern Healthcare, September 13, 2014.
Litvak E; Don't Get Your Operation on a Thursday; The Wall Street Journal, December 2, 2013.
Litvak E, Fineberg H; Smoothing the Way to High Quality, Safety, and Economy; New England Journal of Medicine, October 24, 2013. 369:1581-1583.
Anstey M, Gildfind S, Litvak E; Sleep Faster! (Somebody else needs your blanket...); Australian Health Review, July 27, 2012.
Litvak E, Bernheim S; The Case for Patient Flow Management; Morbidity and Mortality Rounds on the web: AHRQ Cases and Commentaries, November 2011.
Litvak E, Laskowski-Jones,L; Nurse staffing, hospital operations,care quality, and common sense; Nursing, August 2011.
Green Vaswani S, Long M; Just Another Hospital Weekend, Or Life And Death?; Health Affairs Blog, May 23, 2011.
Litvak E; Mismanaged Hospital Operations: A Neglected Threat to Reform; Health Affairs Blog, February 22, 2011.
Litvak E, Bisognano M; More Patients Less Payment; Health Affairs, January 2011.
Litvak E, Green Vaswani S, Long M, Prenney B; Managing Variability in Healthcare Delivery; Chapter in Institute of Medicine Workshop Summary: Lowering Costs and Improving Outcomes, 2010
Litvak E, Milstein A, Smith M; Engineering Science and Episode Based Hospital Payment; Health Affairs Blog, September 15, 2010.
Ed. Litvak E; Managing Patient Flow in Hospitals: Strategies and Solutions, Second Edition; Beurhaus P, Rudolph M, Prenney B, Fuda KK, Green Vaswani S, Long M, et al; Joint Commission Resources, 2009.
Litvak E, Buerhaus PI, Davidoff F, Long MC, McManus ML, Berwick DM. “Managing Unnecessary Variability in Patient Demand to Reduce Nursing Stress and Improve Patient Safety.” Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 2005; 31(6): 330-338.
McManus ML, Long MC, Cooper AB, Mandell J, Berwick DM, Litvak E. “Variability in Demand and Access to Pediatric Intensive Care Services.” Anesthesiology, 2003(98): 1491-6.
Litvak E, Pronovost P; Rethinking Rapid Response Teams; JAMA commentary, 2010; 304(12):1375-1376.
Litvak E, Long MC. “Cost and Quality Under Managed Care: Irreconcilable Differences?American Journal of Managed Care, 2000 3(3): 305-312. [Describes the Variability Methodology].
Fuda KK, Buerhaus PI, Prenney B, Litvak E; “How the Number of Surgical Patients Affects Nursing Care”. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Grant, 2009; Submitted for publication.
Litvak E. "Optimizing Patient Flow by Managing its Variability." In Berman S. (ed.): Front Office to Front Line: Essential Issues for Health Care Leaders. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission Resources, 2005, pp. 91-111.
McManus ML, Long MC, Cooper AB, Litvak E. “Queuing Theory Accurately Models the Need for Critical Care Resources,” Anesthesiology, 2004(100): 1271-6.
Litvak E, Long MC, Prenney B, Fuda KK, Levtzion-Korach O, McGlinchey P. "Improving Patient Flow and Throughput in California Hospitals Operating Room Services". Boston University Program for Management of Variability in Health Care Delivery. Guidance document prepared for the California Healthcare Foundation (CHCF), 2007.
Litvak E, McManus ML, Cooper A. "A Root Cause Analysis of Emergency Department Crowding and Ambulance Diversion in Massachusetts." Boston University Program for the Management of Variability in Health Care Delivery, Report to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Executive Summary, 2002.
Litvak E, Long MC, Cooper AB, McManus ML. "Emergency Room Diversion: Causes and Solutions." Academic Emergency Medicine, 2001 8(11): 1108-1110.
McManus ML. Emergency Department Overcrowding in Massachusetts: Making Room in our Hospitals. Issue Brief. Massachusetts Health Policy Forum, 7 June 2001.
Litvak E, Long MC, Schwartz JS. “Cost Effectiveness Analysis Under Managed Care: Not Yet Ready for Prime Time?” Editorial. American Journal of Managed Care, 2000 6(2): 254-256.